obesity pictures Certain physical and mental and pharmaceutical substances used to treat disease may increase the risk of obesity. Medical disorders that increase the risk of obesity include several rare genetic syndromes (above) and congenital or acquired conditions: hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, a deficiency of growth hormone, and eating disorders : bulimia and night eating syndrome.However, obesity pictures obesity is not regarded as a psychiatric disorder, and therefore not included in the DSM-IVR as a psychiatric illness. The risk of overweight and obesity is higher in patients with psychiatric disorders than in persons without psychiatric disorders. obesity pictures
Some medications can cause weight gain or changes in body composition, which include insulin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, atypical antipsychotics, antidepressants, steroids, certain anticonvulsants (phenytoin and valproate), pizotifen, and some forms of hormonal contraception.obesity pictures
Main article: Social determinants of obesity
The deployment of the disease (Yamai no Soshi, late 12th century) is a woman lender to obesity, considered a disease of the rich.obesity pictures
While genetic influences are important to understanding obesity, they can not explain the dramatic increase in the current observed in the country or the world. While it is recognized that the excess energy consumption of energy expenditure leads to obesity on an individual basis, the cause of the evolution of these two factors on the societal level is discussed. There are a number of theories obesity pictures as to the cause but most believe it is a combination of several factors.
The correlation between social class and BMI varies across the world. A study in 1989 revealed that women in developed countries high social class were less likely to be obese. No significant difference was observed between men of different social classes. In the developing world, women, men and children from high social classes had higher rates obesity.An day review in 2007 found the same relationship, but were lower. obesity pictures The decrease in strength of correlation was found due to the effects of globalization.Among developed countries, levels of obesity in adults, and the percentage of adolescents who are overweight, are correlated with income inequality. obesity pictures A similar relationship is seen among U.S. states: more adults, even in higher social classes, are obese in more unequal countries.obesity pictures
Many explanations have been proposed for the association between BMI and social class. It is thought that in developed countries, the rich can afford more nutritious food, they are under greater social pressure to stay in shape and have more opportunities to fitness with higher than expected. In developing countries the opportunity to buy food, with high physical work and cultural values favoring a larger body energy expenditure are expected to contribute to the observed body mass patterns.obesity pictures Attitudes held by people in the life may also play a role in obesity. A correlation in BMI changes over time has been found among friends, siblings and their spouses. Stress and perceived low social status appear to increase the risk of obesity.obesity pictures
Smoking has a significant effect on the weight of an individual. Those who quit smoking gain an average of obesity pictures 4.4 kg (9.7 lb) for men and 5.0 kg (11.0 lb) for women over ten years. However, changing rates of smoking have had little effect on the overall rates of obesity. [
In the United States, the number of children a person is related to their risk of obesity. The risk of a woman increases by 7% per child, while increasing the risk of a man in a child.This of 4% may be partly explained by the fact that having dependent children decreases the activity physical in Western parents.obesity pictures
Urbanization in the developing world plays a role in increasing rate of obesity. In China overall rates of obesity are below 5%, however, in some cities rates of obesity are higher than 20%.
Malnutrition in early childhood is thought to play a role in rising obesity rates in the developing world. Endocrine changes that occur during periods of malnutrition may promote the storage of fat once it becomes available food energy.obesity pictures
According to cognitive epidemiological data, numerous studies confirm that obesity is associated with cognitive deficits. Whether obesity causes cognitive deficits, or vice versa is not clear at present.obesity pictures