pictures of france
The oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from approximately 1,800,000 years ago.Men faced a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras which modified their framework of life and led to a nomadic hunter-gatherers. pictures of france France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Paleolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved:pictures of france Lascar (Dordogne, approximately 18,000 BC). pictures of france
At the end of the last glacial period (10,000 BC), the climate softened and from approximately 7,000 BC, this part of Western Europe entered the Neolithic era and its inhabitants became sedentary. After demographic and agricultural development between the fourth and third millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the rd millennium, initially with the work of gold, copper and bronze, and later with iron. pictures of france France counts numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the site of stones exceptionally dense Carina (Marian, about 3300 BC).
Article: Gaul, Celtic and Gallo-Roman
pictures of france
Gaul, St century BC. Gaelic territory inhabited by the Celts extends what is now France, Belgium, Switzerland, parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine and in some parts of northern Italy. pictures of france
The Square House is a temple of the Gallo-Roman city of Nemesis (Mimes today) and is one of the best preserved vestiges of the Roman Empire. pictures of france
In 600 BC, Ionian Greeks, originating from Hoecake, founded the colony of Mass alia (now Marseilles),pictures of france on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, making it the oldest city France.At At the same time, some Gaelic Celtic tribes penetrated some parts of the current territory of France, but this occupation spread in the rest of France only between the fifth and third centuries BC.
The concept of Gaul emerged at that time,pictures of france but corresponds to the territories of Celtic settlement between the Rhine, the Atlantic Ocean, the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean Sea. The borders of modern France are approximately the same as those of ancient Gaul, which was inhabited by Celtic Gaul. pictures of france Gaul was then a prosperous country of which the southernmost part was heavily subject to Greek and Roman influences. However, around 390 BC, the Gaelic chieftain Brenna and his troops made their way to Italy through the Alps, defeated the Romans in the Battle of the Alia and besieged and ransomed Rome. pictures of france
The Gaelic invasion left Rome weakened and encouraged several Italian tribes to rebel about. One by one, over the next 50 years, these tribes were defeated and brought back under Roman domination. The Gaul continued to harass the region until 345 BC, when they entered into a formal peace treaty with Rome. pictures of france However, the Romans and the Gaul would maintain an adversarial relationship for the next several centuries and the Gaul would remain a threat in Italy. pictures of france
Around 125 BC, the south of Gaul was conquered by the Romans who called this region Provincial Romania (the “Roman Province”), which eventually evolved into the name Provence in French Brenna siege of Rome was still remembered by the Romans, when Julius Caesar conquered the remainder of Gaul and overcame a revolt carried out by the Gaelic chieftain Vercingetorix in 52 BC. pictures of france
Gaul was divided by Augustus into Roman provinces, the principal ones being Narbonne Aquitaine in south Gaul Lyon south-west, pictures of france Gallia in the center and Gallia Belgica in cities north.Many was founded in Roman times there including Lugdunum (now Lyon), which is considered the capital of Gaul.These cities were built in the traditional Roman style, with a forum, a theater, a circus, an amphitheater and thermal baths. pictures of france Mixed with the Romans and eventually adopted Roman speech settlers Gaul (Latin, from which the French language evolved) and Roman culture. The Roman polytheism merged with the Gallic paganism into the same syncretism. pictures of france
The 250s for 280 in the third century AD, Roman Gaul underwent a serious crisis with its “limes” or fortified borders protecting the Empire was attacked repeatedly by Barbarians.The central imperial power of weakness, this time led by the Gallo-Roman leaders to proclaim the independence of the short-lived Gallic Empire, which ended with the Battle of Châlons in 274, which saw Gaul reincorporated in the Roman Empire.pictures of france
However, the situation improved in the first half of the fourth century was a period of revival and prosperity for Roman Gaul.In 312, Emperor Constantine I converted to Christianity. Christians,pictures of france persecuted until then, grew rapidly in the Roman Empire.But from the beginning of the fifth century barbarian invasions resumed, and Germanic tribes, such as the Vandals, Suevi and Alans crossed the Rhine and settled in Gaul, Spain and other parts of the collapsing Roman Empire. The Visigoths settled in the south-west Gaul 417.pictures of france
Pictures Of France
pictures of france